java - JSF vs Facelets vs JSP


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    • JSF is a standardized Java framework for web UIs based on an MVC pattern
    • JSPs are a (much older) standard for generating web pages from templates - these can be used as the View in a JSF application, but also separately from JSF.
    • Facelets are an alternative view technology based on pure XML templates (no scriptlets) which was introduced with Version 2 of the JSF standard. They can only be used in a JSF application.

    In the light of that, let's take a look at your conflicting statements:

    That JSF is a replacement for JSP; and

    Not quite true, since JSF can use JSPs for its view (and had to, prior to JSF 2). However, JSF apps using Facelets can be seen as a replacement for JSP-based technologies.

    JSF and JSP form different parts of the View in Java's web-tier MVC paradigm

    Completely wrong - JSF covers the entire MVC pattern (though it can overlap with EJBs, since both are based on annotations that can be mixed in the same class).


  • Ryan Lee
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    From Wikipedia article(JSF)

    JSF is a request-driven MVC web framework based on component driven UI design model, using XML files called view templates or Facelets views.

    JSF is web framework and Facelet is a view template for JSF

    From Wikipedia article(JSP)

    JavaServer Pages (JSP) is a Java technology that helps software developers serve dynamically generated web pages based on HTML, XML,

    Also look at this topic Difference between jsf and jsp


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    Java Server Pages (JSP) is java technology which enables Web developers and designers to rapidly develop and easily maintain, information-rich, dynamic Web pages that leverage existing business systems. JSP technology separates the user interface from content generation, enabling designers to change the overall page layout without altering the underlying dynamic content.

    Facelets is the first non JSP page declaration language designed for JSF (Java Server Faces) which provided a simpler and more powerful programming model to JSF developers as compare to JSP. It resolves different issues occurs in JSP for web applications development.

    Here is a table that compares the features of scriplets and facelets:

    enter image description here Source


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    I've been looking for an answer for the same question. I found these links very helpful:

    An Example of JSP application model: http://netbeans.org/kb/docs/javaee/ecommerce/design.html#architecture

    Basic JSF Concepts, some by examples: http://netbeans.org/kb/docs/javaee/ecommerce/conclusion.html#framework