Deleting rows with MySQL LEFT JOIN


I have two tables, one for job deadlines, one for describe a job. Each job can take a status and some statuses means the jobs' deadlines must be deleted from the other table.

I can easily SELECT the jobs/deadlines that meets my criteria with a LEFT JOIN:

SELECT * FROM `deadline`
LEFT JOIN `job` ON deadline.job_id = job.job_id
WHERE `status` = 'szamlazva'
OR `status` = 'szamlazhato'
OR `status` = 'fizetve'
OR `status` = 'szallitva'
OR `status` = 'storno'

(status belongs to job table not deadline)

But when I'd like to delete these rows from deadline, MySQL throws an error. My query is:

DELETE FROM `deadline`
ON deadline.job_id = job.job_id
WHERE `status` = 'szamlazva'
OR `status` = 'szamlazhato'
OR `status` = 'fizetve'
OR `status` = 'szallitva'
OR `status` = 'storno'

MySQL error says nothing:

You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'LEFT JOIN job ON deadline.job_id = job.job_id WHERE status = 'szaml' at line 1

How can I turn my SELECT into a working DELETE query?

All Answers
  • Translate

    You simply need to specify on which tables to apply the DELETE.

    Delete only the deadline rows:

    DELETE `deadline` FROM `deadline` LEFT JOIN `job` ....

    Delete the deadline and job rows:

    DELETE `deadline`, `job` FROM `deadline` LEFT JOIN `job` ....

    Delete only the job rows:

    DELETE `job` FROM `deadline` LEFT JOIN `job` ....

  • Translate

    If you are using "table as", then specify it to delete.

    In the example i delete all table_1 rows which are do not exists in table_2.

    DELETE t1 FROM `table_1` t1 LEFT JOIN `table_2` t2 ON t1.`id` = t2.`id` WHERE t2.`id` IS NULL

  • Translate
    DELETE FROM deadline where ID IN (
        SELECT d.ID FROM `deadline` d LEFT JOIN `job` ON deadline.job_id = job.job_id WHERE `status` =  'szamlazva' OR `status` = 'szamlazhato' OR `status` = 'fizetve' OR `status` = 'szallitva' OR `status` = 'storno');

    I am not sure if that kind of sub query works in MySQL, but try it. I am assuming you have an ID column in your deadline table.

  • Translate

    Try this:

    DELETE `deadline`
    FROM `deadline`
    INNER JOIN `job` ON `deadline`.`job_id` = `job`.`id`
    WHERE `job`.`id` = 123

  • Translate

    MySQL allows you to use the INNER JOIN clause in the DELETE statement to delete rows from a table and the matching rows in another table.

    For example, to delete rows from both T1 and T2 tables that meet a specified condition, you use the following statement:

    DELETE T1, T2
    FROM T1
    INNER JOIN T2 ON T1.key = T2.key
    WHERE condition;

    Notice that you put table names T1 and T2 between the DELETE and FROM keywords. If you omit T1 table, the DELETE statement only deletes rows in T2 table. Similarly, if you omitT2 table, the DELETE statement will delete only rows in T1 table.

    Hope this help.