javascript - Remove not alphanumeric characters from string. Having trouble with the [\] character


I want to convert the following string to the provided output.

Input:  "\\test\red\bob\fred\new"
Output: "testredbobfrednew"

I've not found any solution that will handle special characters like \r, \n, \b, etc.

Basically I just want to get rid of anything that is not alphanumeric. Here is what I've tried...

Attempt 1: "\\test\red\bob\fred\new".replace(/[_\W]+/g, "");
Output 1:  "testedobredew"

Attempt 2: "\\test\red\bob\fred\new".replace(/['`~!@#$%^&*()_|+-=?;:'",.<>\{\}\[\]\\\/]/gi, "");
Output 2:  "testedobred [newline] ew"

Attempt 3: "\\test\red\bob\fred\new".replace(/[^a-zA-Z0-9]/, "");
Output 3:  "testedobred [newline] ew"

Attempt 4: "\\test\red\bob\fred\new".replace(/[^a-z0-9\s]/gi, '');
Output 4:  "testedobred [newline] ew"

One other attempt with multiple steps

function cleanID(id) {
    id = id.toUpperCase();
    id = id.replace( /\t/ , "T");
    id = id.replace( /\n/ , "N");
    id = id.replace( /\r/ , "R");
    id = id.replace( /\b/ , "B");
    id = id.replace( /\f/ , "F");
    return id.replace( /[^a-zA-Z0-9]/ , "");

with results

Attempt 1: cleanID("\\test\red\bob\fred\new");

Any help would be appreciated.

Working Solution:

Final Attempt 1: return JSON.stringify("\\test\red\bob\fred\new").replace( /\W/g , '');
Output 1: "testredbobfrednew"

All Answers
  • Translate

    Removing non-alphanumeric chars

    The following is the/a correct regex to strip non-alphanumeric chars from an input string:

    input.replace(/\W/g, '')

    Note that \W is the equivalent of [^0-9a-zA-Z_] - it includes the underscore character. To also remove underscores use e.g.:

    input.replace(/[^0-9a-z]/gi, '')

    The input is malformed

    Since the test string contains various escaped chars, which are not alphanumeric, it will remove them.

    A backslash in the string needs escaping if it's to be taken literally:

    "\\test\\red\\bob\\fred\\new".replace(/\W/g, '')
    "testredbobfrednew" // output

    Handling malformed strings

    If you're not able to escape the input string correctly (why not?), or it's coming from some kind of untrusted/misconfigured source - you can do something like this:

    JSON.stringify("\\test\red\bob\fred\new").replace(/\W/g, '')
    "testredbobfrednew" // output

    Note that the json representation of a string includes the quotes:


    But they are also removed by the replacement regex.

  • Translate

    All of the current answers still have quirks, the best thing i could come up with was:

    string.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9]/g, '');

    Heres an example that captures every key i could find on the keyboard:

    var string = '123abcABC-_*(!@#$%^&*()_-={}[]:\"<>,.?/~`';
    var stripped = string.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9]/g, '');

    Outputs: '123abcABC'

  • Translate

    The problem is not with how you replace the characters, the problem is with how you input the string.

    It's only the first backslash in the input that is a backslash character, the others are part of the control characters \r, \b, \f and \n.

    As those backslashes are not separate characters, but part of the notation to write a single control characters, they can't be removed separately. I.e. you can't remove the backslash from \n as it's not two separate characters, it's the way that you write the control character LF, or line feed.

    If you acutally want to turn that input into the desired output, you would need to replace each control character with the corresponding letter, e.g. replace the character \n with the character n.

    To replace a control character you need to use a character set like [\r], as \r has a special meaning in a regular expression:

    var input = "\\test\red\bob\fred\new";
    var output = input
        .replace(/[\r]/g, 'r')
        .replace(/[\b]/g, 'b')
        .replace(/[\f]/g, 'f')
        .replace(/[\n]/g, 'n')
        .replace(/\\/g, '');


  • Translate

    you can try this regex:

    value.replace(/[\W_-]/g, '');

  • Translate

    This removes all non-alphanumeric characters, preserves capitalization, and preserves spaces between words.

    function alpha_numeric_filter (string) {
      const alpha_numeric = Array.from('abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789' + ' ')
      const json_string = JSON.stringify(string)
      let filterd_string = ''
      for (let i = 0; i < json_string.length; i++) {
        let char = json_string[i]
        let index = alpha_numeric.indexOf(char)
        if (index > -1) {
          filterd_string += alpha_numeric[index]
      return filterd_string
    const input = "\\test\red\bob\fred\new"
    console.log(alpha_numeric_filter(input)) //=> testredbobfrednew
    const complex_string = "/_&_This!&!! is!@#$% a%^&*() Sentence+=-[]{} 123:;\|\\]||~`/.,><"
    console.log(alpha_numeric_filter(complex_string)) //=> This is a Sentence 123

  • Translate

    If you want to have this \\test\red\bob\fred\new string, you should escape all backslashes (\). When you write \\test\\red\\bob\\fred\\new your string actually contains single backslashes. You can be sure of this printing your string.
    So if backslashes in your string are escaped myString.replace(/\W/g,'') will work normally.