I'm experimenting with Dockerfiles, and I think I understand most of the logic. However, I don't see the difference between "exposing" and "publishing" a port in this context.
All the tutorials I have seen first include the
EXPOSE command in the Dockerfile:
... EXPOSE 8080 ...
They then build an image from this Dockerfile:
$ docker build -t an_image - < Dockerfile
And then publish the same port as above when running the image:
$ docker run -d -p 8080 an_image
or publish all ports using
$ docker run -d -P an_image
What is the point of exposing a port in the Dockerfile, if it will be published anyway? Would there ever be a need to expose a port first, and not publish it later? Effectively, I would like to specify all the ports that I will use in the Dockerfile when creating the image, and then not bother with them again, running them simply with:
$ docker run -d an_image
Is this possible?