# .net - Hogyan lehet kiszámítani valaki életkorát C # -ben?

original title: ".net - How do I calculate someone's age in C#?"

Translate

Given a `DateTime` representing a person's birthday, how do I calculate their age in years?

Ha egy személy születésnapját ábrázolja a DateTime szerint, hogyan számolhatom meg életkorát évben?

Ez az összefoglalás a fordítás után. Ha meg szeretné tekinteni a teljes fordítást, kattintson a "fordítás" ikonra

Minden válasz
• Translate

An easy to understand and simple solution.

``````// Save today's date.
var today = DateTime.Today;
// Calculate the age.
var age = today.Year - birthdate.Year;
// Go back to the year the person was born in case of a leap year
``````

However, this assumes you are looking for the western idea of age and not using East Asian reckoning.

• Translate

This is a strange way to do it, but if you format the date to `yyyymmdd` and subtract the date of birth from the current date then drop the last 4 digits you've got the age :)

I don't know C#, but I believe this will work in any language.

``````20080814 - 19800703 = 280111
``````

Drop the last 4 digits = `28`.

C# Code:

``````int now = int.Parse(DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMdd"));
int dob = int.Parse(dateOfBirth.ToString("yyyyMMdd"));
int age = (now - dob) / 10000;
``````

Or alternatively without all the type conversion in the form of an extension method. Error checking omitted:

``````public static Int32 GetAge(this DateTime dateOfBirth)
{
var today = DateTime.Today;

var a = (today.Year * 100 + today.Month) * 100 + today.Day;
var b = (dateOfBirth.Year * 100 + dateOfBirth.Month) * 100 + dateOfBirth.Day;

return (a - b) / 10000;
}
``````

• Translate

I don't know how the wrong solution can be accepted. The correct C# snippet was written by Michael Stum

Here is a test snippet:

``````DateTime bDay = new DateTime(2000, 2, 29);
DateTime now = new DateTime(2009, 2, 28);
MessageBox.Show(string.Format("Test {0} {1} {2}",
CalculateAgeWrong1(bDay, now),      // outputs 9
CalculateAgeWrong2(bDay, now),      // outputs 9
CalculateAgeCorrect(bDay, now),     // outputs 8
CalculateAgeCorrect2(bDay, now)));  // outputs 8
``````

Here you have the methods:

``````public int CalculateAgeWrong1(DateTime birthDate, DateTime now)
{
return new DateTime(now.Subtract(birthDate).Ticks).Year - 1;
}

public int CalculateAgeWrong2(DateTime birthDate, DateTime now)
{
int age = now.Year - birthDate.Year;

age--;

return age;
}

public int CalculateAgeCorrect(DateTime birthDate, DateTime now)
{
int age = now.Year - birthDate.Year;

if (now.Month < birthDate.Month || (now.Month == birthDate.Month && now.Day < birthDate.Day))
age--;

return age;
}

public int CalculateAgeCorrect2(DateTime birthDate, DateTime now)
{
int age = now.Year - birthDate.Year;

// for leap years we need this
// don't use:
// if (birthDate.AddYears(age) > now) age--;

return age;
}
``````

• Translate

I don't think any of the answers so far provide for cultures that calculate age differently. See, for example, East Asian Age Reckoning versus that in the West.

Any real answer has to include localization. The Strategy Pattern would probably be in order in this example.

• Translate

The simple answer to this is to apply `AddYears` as shown below because this is the only native method to add years to the 29th of Feb. of leap years and obtain the correct result of the 28th of Feb. for common years.

Some feel that 1th of Mar. is the birthday of leaplings but neither .Net nor any official rule supports this, nor does common logic explain why some born in February should have 75% of their birthdays in another month.

Further, an Age method lends itself to be added as an extension to `DateTime`. By this you can obtain the age in the simplest possible way:

1. List item

int age = birthDate.Age();

``````public static class DateTimeExtensions
{
/// <summary>
/// Calculates the age in years of the current System.DateTime object today.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="birthDate">The date of birth</param>
/// <returns>Age in years today. 0 is returned for a future date of birth.</returns>
public static int Age(this DateTime birthDate)
{
return Age(birthDate, DateTime.Today);
}

/// <summary>
/// Calculates the age in years of the current System.DateTime object on a later date.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="birthDate">The date of birth</param>
/// <param name="laterDate">The date on which to calculate the age.</param>
/// <returns>Age in years on a later day. 0 is returned as minimum.</returns>
public static int Age(this DateTime birthDate, DateTime laterDate)
{
int age;
age = laterDate.Year - birthDate.Year;

if (age > 0)
{
}
else
{
age = 0;
}

return age;
}
}
``````

Now, run this test:

``````class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
RunTest();
}

private static void RunTest()
{
DateTime birthDate = new DateTime(2000, 2, 28);
DateTime laterDate = new DateTime(2011, 2, 27);
string iso = "yyyy-MM-dd";

for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < 3; j++)
{
}
}

}
}
``````

The critical date example is this:

Birth date: 2000-02-29 Later date: 2011-02-28 Age: 11

Output:

``````{
Birth date: 2000-02-28  Later date: 2011-02-27  Age: 10
Birth date: 2000-02-28  Later date: 2011-02-28  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-02-28  Later date: 2011-03-01  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-02-29  Later date: 2011-02-27  Age: 10
Birth date: 2000-02-29  Later date: 2011-02-28  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-02-29  Later date: 2011-03-01  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-03-01  Later date: 2011-02-27  Age: 10
Birth date: 2000-03-01  Later date: 2011-02-28  Age: 10
Birth date: 2000-03-01  Later date: 2011-03-01  Age: 11
}
``````

And for the later date 2012-02-28:

``````{
Birth date: 2000-02-28  Later date: 2012-02-28  Age: 12
Birth date: 2000-02-28  Later date: 2012-02-29  Age: 12
Birth date: 2000-02-28  Later date: 2012-03-01  Age: 12
Birth date: 2000-02-29  Later date: 2012-02-28  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-02-29  Later date: 2012-02-29  Age: 12
Birth date: 2000-02-29  Later date: 2012-03-01  Age: 12
Birth date: 2000-03-01  Later date: 2012-02-28  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-03-01  Later date: 2012-02-29  Age: 11
Birth date: 2000-03-01  Later date: 2012-03-01  Age: 12
}
``````

• Translate

My suggestion

``````int age = (int) ((DateTime.Now - bday).TotalDays/365.242199);
``````

That seems to have the year changing on the right date. (I spot tested up to age 107)

• Translate

Another function, not by me but found on the web and refined it a bit:

``````public static int GetAge(DateTime birthDate)
{
DateTime n = DateTime.Now; // To avoid a race condition around midnight
int age = n.Year - birthDate.Year;

if (n.Month < birthDate.Month || (n.Month == birthDate.Month && n.Day < birthDate.Day))
age--;

return age;
}
``````

Just two things that come into my mind: What about people from countries that do not use the gregorian calendar? DateTime.Now is in the server-specific culture i think. I have absolutely 0 knowledge about actually working with Asian calendars and I do not know if there is an easy way to convert dates between calendars, but just in case you're wondering about those chinese guys from the year 4660 :-)

• Translate

2 Main problems to solve are:

1. Calculate Exact age - in years, months, days, etc.

2. Calculate Generally perceived age - people usually do not care how old they exactly are, they just care when their birthday in the current year is.

Solution for 1 is obvious:

``````DateTime birth = DateTime.Parse("1.1.2000");
DateTime today = DateTime.Today;     //we usually don't care about birth time
TimeSpan age = today - birth;        //.NET FCL should guarantee this as precise
double ageInDays = age.TotalDays;    //total number of days ... also precise
double daysInYear = 365.2425;        //statistical value for 400 years
double ageInYears = ageInDays / daysInYear;  //can be shifted ... not so precise
``````

Solution for 2 is the one which is not so precise in determing total age, but is perceived as precise by people. People also usually use it, when they calculate their age "manually":

``````DateTime birth = DateTime.Parse("1.1.2000");
DateTime today = DateTime.Today;
int age = today.Year - birth.Year;    //people perceive their age in years

if (today.Month < birth.Month ||
((today.Month == birth.Month) && (today.Day < birth.Day)))
{
age--;  //birthday in current year not yet reached, we are 1 year younger ;)
//+ no birthday for 29.2. guys ... sorry, just wrong date for birth
}
``````

Notes to 2.:

• This is my preferred solution
• We cannot use DateTime.DayOfYear or TimeSpans, as they shift number of days in leap years
• I have put there little more lines for readability

Just one more note ... I would create 2 static overloaded methods for it, one for universal usage, second for usage-friendliness:

``````public static int GetAge(DateTime bithDay, DateTime today)
{
//chosen solution method body
}

public static int GetAge(DateTime birthDay)
{
return GetAge(birthDay, DateTime.Now);
}
``````

• Translate

I am late to the party, but here's a one-liner:

``````int age = new DateTime(DateTime.Now.Subtract(birthday).Ticks).Year-1;
``````

• Translate

This is the version we use here. It works, and it's fairly simple. It's the same idea as Jeff's but I think it's a little clearer because it separates out the logic for subtracting one, so it's a little easier to understand.

``````public static int GetAge(this DateTime dateOfBirth, DateTime dateAsAt)
{
return dateAsAt.Year - dateOfBirth.Year - (dateOfBirth.DayOfYear < dateAsAt.DayOfYear ? 0 : 1);
}
``````

You could expand the ternary operator to make it even clearer, if you think that sort of thing is unclear.

Obviously this is done as an extension method on `DateTime`, but clearly you can grab that one line of code that does the work and put it anywhere. Here we have another overload of the Extension method that passes in `DateTime.Now`, just for completeness.

• Translate

The best way that I know of because of leap years and everything is:

``````DateTime birthDate = new DateTime(2000,3,1);
int age = (int)Math.Floor((DateTime.Now - birthDate).TotalDays / 365.25D);
``````

Hope this helps.

• Translate

I use this:

``````public static class DateTimeExtensions
{
public static int Age(this DateTime birthDate)
{
return Age(birthDate, DateTime.Now);
}

public static int Age(this DateTime birthDate, DateTime offsetDate)
{
int result=0;
result = offsetDate.Year - birthDate.Year;

if (offsetDate.DayOfYear < birthDate.DayOfYear)
{
result--;
}

return result;
}
}
``````

• Translate

This gives "more detail" to this question. Maybe this is what you're looking for

``````DateTime birth = new DateTime(1974, 8, 29);
DateTime today = DateTime.Now;
TimeSpan span = today - birth;
DateTime age = DateTime.MinValue + span;

// Make adjustment due to MinValue equalling 1/1/1
int years = age.Year - 1;
int months = age.Month - 1;
int days = age.Day - 1;

// Print out not only how many years old they are but give months and days as well
Console.Write("{0} years, {1} months, {2} days", years, months, days);
``````

• Translate

I have created a SQL Server User Defined Function to calculate someone's age, given their birthdate. This is useful when you need it as part of a query:

``````using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.Sql;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.SqlTypes;
using Microsoft.SqlServer.Server;

public partial class UserDefinedFunctions
{
public static SqlInt32 CalculateAge(string strBirthDate)
{
DateTime dtBirthDate = new DateTime();
dtBirthDate = Convert.ToDateTime(strBirthDate);
DateTime dtToday = DateTime.Now;

// get the difference in years
int years = dtToday.Year - dtBirthDate.Year;

// subtract another year if we're before the
// birth day in the current year
if (dtToday.Month < dtBirthDate.Month || (dtToday.Month == dtBirthDate.Month && dtToday.Day < dtBirthDate.Day))
years=years-1;

int intCustomerAge = years;
return intCustomerAge;
}
};
``````

• Sibyl Lee
Translate

``````public static int AgeInYears(DateTime birthday, DateTime today)
{
return ((today.Year - birthday.Year) * 372 + (today.Month - birthday.Month) * 31 + (today.Day - birthday.Day)) / 372;
}
``````

This has been extensively unit-tested. It does look a bit "magic". The number 372 is the number of days there would be in a year if every month had 31 days.

The explanation of why it works (lifted from here) is:

Let's set `Yn = DateTime.Now.Year, Yb = birthday.Year, Mn = DateTime.Now.Month, Mb = birthday.Month, Dn = DateTime.Now.Day, Db = birthday.Day`

`age = Yn - Yb + (31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db)) / 372`

We know that what we need is either `Yn-Yb` if the date has already been reached, `Yn-Yb-1` if it has not.

a) If `Mn<Mb`, we have `-341 <= 31*(Mn-Mb) <= -31 and -30 <= Dn-Db <= 30`

`-371 <= 31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db) <= -1`

With integer division

`(31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db)) / 372 = -1`

b) If `Mn=Mb` and `Dn<Db`, we have `31*(Mn - Mb) = 0 and -30 <= Dn-Db <= -1`

With integer division, again

`(31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db)) / 372 = -1`

c) If `Mn>Mb`, we have `31 <= 31*(Mn-Mb) <= 341 and -30 <= Dn-Db <= 30`

`1 <= 31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db) <= 371`

With integer division

`(31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db)) / 372 = 0`

d) If `Mn=Mb` and `Dn>Db`, we have `31*(Mn - Mb) = 0 and 1 <= Dn-Db <= 3`0

With integer division, again

`(31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db)) / 372 = 0`

e) If `Mn=Mb` and `Dn=Db`, we have `31*(Mn - Mb) + Dn-Db = 0`

and therefore `(31*(Mn - Mb) + (Dn - Db)) / 372 = 0`

• Translate

I've spent some time working on this and came up with this to calculate someone's age in years, months and days. I've tested against the Feb 29th problem and leap years and it seems to work, I'd appreciate any feedback:

``````public void LoopAge(DateTime myDOB, DateTime FutureDate)
{
int years = 0;
int months = 0;
int days = 0;

DateTime tmpMyDOB = new DateTime(myDOB.Year, myDOB.Month, 1);

DateTime tmpFutureDate = new DateTime(FutureDate.Year, FutureDate.Month, 1);

{
months++;

if (months > 12)
{
years++;
months = months - 12;
}
}

if (FutureDate.Day >= myDOB.Day)
{
days = days + FutureDate.Day - myDOB.Day;
}
else
{
months--;

if (months < 0)
{
years--;
months = months + 12;
}

days +=
DateTime.DaysInMonth(
) + FutureDate.Day - myDOB.Day;

}

//add an extra day if the dob is a leap day
if (DateTime.IsLeapYear(myDOB.Year) && myDOB.Month == 2 && myDOB.Day == 29)
{
//but only if the future date is less than 1st March
if (FutureDate >= new DateTime(FutureDate.Year, 3, 1))
days++;
}

}
``````

• Dempsey Lee
Translate

Do we need to consider people who is smaller than 1 year? as Chinese culture, we describe small babies' age as 2 months or 4 weeks.

Below is my implementation, it is not as simple as what I imagined, especially to deal with date like 2/28.

``````public static string HowOld(DateTime birthday, DateTime now)
{
if (now < birthday)
throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("birthday must be less than now.");

TimeSpan diff = now - birthday;
int diffDays = (int)diff.TotalDays;

if (diffDays > 7)//year, month and week
{
int age = now.Year - birthday.Year;

age--;

if (age > 0)
{
return age + (age > 1 ? " years" : " year");
}
else
{// month and week
DateTime d = birthday;
int diffMonth = 1;

{
diffMonth++;
}

age = diffMonth-1;

if (age == 1 && d.Day > now.Day)
age--;

if (age > 0)
{
return age + (age > 1 ? " months" : " month");
}
else
{
age = diffDays / 7;
return age + (age > 1 ? " weeks" : " week");
}
}
}
else if (diffDays > 0)
{
int age = diffDays;
return age + (age > 1 ? " days" : " day");
}
else
{
int age = diffDays;
return "just born";
}
}
``````

This implementation has passed below test cases.

``````[TestMethod]
public void TestAge()
{
string age = HowOld(new DateTime(2011, 1, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("1 year", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2011, 11, 30), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("1 year", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2001, 1, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("11 years", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 1, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("10 months", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2011, 12, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("11 months", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 10, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("1 month", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2008, 2, 28), new DateTime(2009, 2, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("1 year", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2008, 3, 28), new DateTime(2009, 2, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("11 months", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2008, 3, 28), new DateTime(2009, 3, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("1 year", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2009, 1, 28), new DateTime(2009, 2, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("1 month", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2009, 2, 1), new DateTime(2009, 3, 1));
Assert.AreEqual("1 month", age);

// NOTE.
// new DateTime(2008, 1, 31).AddMonths(1) == new DateTime(2009, 2, 28);
// new DateTime(2008, 1, 28).AddMonths(1) == new DateTime(2009, 2, 28);
age = HowOld(new DateTime(2009, 1, 31), new DateTime(2009, 2, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("4 weeks", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2009, 2, 1), new DateTime(2009, 2, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("3 weeks", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2009, 2, 1), new DateTime(2009, 3, 1));
Assert.AreEqual("1 month", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 11, 5), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("3 weeks", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 11, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("4 weeks", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 11, 20), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("1 week", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 11, 25), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("5 days", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 11, 29), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("1 day", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 11, 30), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
Assert.AreEqual("just born", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2000, 2, 29), new DateTime(2009, 2, 28));
Assert.AreEqual("8 years", age);

age = HowOld(new DateTime(2000, 2, 29), new DateTime(2009, 3, 1));
Assert.AreEqual("9 years", age);

Exception e = null;

try
{
age = HowOld(new DateTime(2012, 12, 1), new DateTime(2012, 11, 30));
}
catch (ArgumentOutOfRangeException ex)
{
e = ex;
}

Assert.IsTrue(e != null);
}
``````

• Translate

Keeping it simple (and possibly stupid:)).

``````DateTime birth = new DateTime(1975, 09, 27, 01, 00, 00, 00);
TimeSpan ts = DateTime.Now - birth;
Console.WriteLine("You are approximately " + ts.TotalSeconds.ToString() + " seconds old.");
``````

• Translate
``````TimeSpan diff = DateTime.Now - birthdayDateTime;
string age = String.Format("{0:%y} years, {0:%M} months, {0:%d}, days old", diff);
``````

I'm not sure how exactly you'd like it returned to you, so I just made a readable string.

• Translate

The simplest way I've ever found is this. It works correctly for the US and western europe locales. Can't speak to other locales, especially places like China. 4 extra compares, at most, following the initial computation of age.

``````public int AgeInYears(DateTime birthDate, DateTime referenceDate)
{
Debug.Assert(referenceDate >= birthDate,
"birth date must be on or prior to the reference date");

DateTime birth = birthDate.Date;
DateTime reference = referenceDate.Date;
int years = (reference.Year - birth.Year);

//
// an offset of -1 is applied if the birth date has
// not yet occurred in the current year.
//
if (reference.Month > birth.Month);
else if (reference.Month < birth.Month)
--years;
else // in birth month
{
if (reference.Day < birth.Day)
--years;
}

return years ;
}
``````

I was looking over the answers to this and noticed that nobody has made reference to regulatory/legal implications of leap day births. For instance, per Wikipedia, if you're born on February 29th in various jurisdictions, you're non-leap year birthday varies:

• In the United Kingdom and Hong Kong: it's the ordinal day of the year, so the next day, March 1st is your birthday.
• In New Zealand: it's the previous day, February 28th for the purposes of driver licencing, and March 1st for other purposes.
• Taiwan: it's February 28th.

And as near as I can tell, in the US, the statutes are silent on the matter, leaving it up to the common law and to how various regulatory bodies define things in their regulations.

To that end, an improvement:

``````public enum LeapDayRule
{
OrdinalDay     = 1 ,
LastDayOfMonth = 2 ,
}

static int ComputeAgeInYears(DateTime birth, DateTime reference, LeapYearBirthdayRule ruleInEffect)
{
bool isLeapYearBirthday = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar.IsLeapDay(birth.Year, birth.Month, birth.Day);
DateTime cutoff;

if (isLeapYearBirthday && !DateTime.IsLeapYear(reference.Year))
{
switch (ruleInEffect)
{
case LeapDayRule.OrdinalDay:
cutoff = new DateTime(reference.Year, 1, 1)
break;

case LeapDayRule.LastDayOfMonth:
cutoff = new DateTime(reference.Year, birth.Month, 1)
break;

default:
throw new InvalidOperationException();
}
}
else
{
cutoff = new DateTime(reference.Year, birth.Month, birth.Day);
}

int age = (reference.Year - birth.Year) + (reference >= cutoff ? 0 : -1);
return age < 0 ? 0 : age;
}
``````

It should be noted that this code assumes:

• A western (European) reckoning of age, and
• A calendar, like the Gregorian calendar that inserts a single leap day at the end of a month.

• Translate

This is not a direct answer, but more of a philosophical reasoning about the problem at hand from a quasi-scientific point of view.

I would argue that the question does not specify the unit nor culture in which to measure age, most answers seem to assume an integer annual representation. The SI-unit for time is `second`, ergo the correct generic answer should be (of course assuming normalized `DateTime` and taking no regard whatsoever to relativistic effects):

``````var lifeInSeconds = (DateTime.Now.Ticks - then.Ticks)/TickFactor;
``````

In the Christian way of calculating age in years:

``````var then = ... // Then, in this case the birthday
var now = DateTime.UtcNow;
int age = now.Year - then.Year;
``````

In finance there is a similar problem when calculating something often referred to as the Day Count Fraction, which roughly is a number of years for a given period. And the age issue is really a time measuring issue.

Example for the actual/actual (counting all days "correctly") convention:

``````DateTime start, end = .... // Whatever, assume start is before end

double startYearContribution = 1 - (double) start.DayOfYear / (double) (DateTime.IsLeapYear(start.Year) ? 366 : 365);
double endYearContribution = (double)end.DayOfYear / (double)(DateTime.IsLeapYear(end.Year) ? 366 : 365);
double middleContribution = (double) (end.Year - start.Year - 1);

double DCF = startYearContribution + endYearContribution + middleContribution;
``````

Another quite common way to measure time generally is by "serializing" (the dude who named this date convention must seriously have been trippin'):

``````DateTime start, end = .... // Whatever, assume start is before end
int days = (end - start).Days;
``````

I wonder how long we have to go before a relativistic age in seconds becomes more useful than the rough approximation of earth-around-sun-cycles during one's lifetime so far :) Or in other words, when a period must be given a location or a function representing motion for itself to be valid :)

• Translate

Here is a solution.

``````DateTime dateOfBirth = new DateTime(2000, 4, 18);
DateTime currentDate = DateTime.Now;

int ageInYears = 0;
int ageInMonths = 0;
int ageInDays = 0;

ageInDays = currentDate.Day - dateOfBirth.Day;
ageInMonths = currentDate.Month - dateOfBirth.Month;
ageInYears = currentDate.Year - dateOfBirth.Year;

if (ageInDays < 0)
{
ageInDays += DateTime.DaysInMonth(currentDate.Year, currentDate.Month);
ageInMonths = ageInMonths--;

if (ageInMonths < 0)
{
ageInMonths += 12;
ageInYears--;
}
}

if (ageInMonths < 0)
{
ageInMonths += 12;
ageInYears--;
}

Console.WriteLine("{0}, {1}, {2}", ageInYears, ageInMonths, ageInDays);
``````

• Translate

This is one of the most accurate answer that is able to resolve the birthday of 29th of Feb compare to any year of 28th Feb.

``````public int GetAge(DateTime birthDate)
{
int age = DateTime.Now.Year - birthDate.Year;

if (birthDate.DayOfYear > DateTime.Now.DayOfYear)
age--;

return age;
}
``````

• Translate

I have a customized method to calculate age, plus a bonus validation message just in case it helps:

``````public void GetAge(DateTime dob, DateTime now, out int years, out int months, out int days)
{
years = 0;
months = 0;
days = 0;

DateTime tmpdob = new DateTime(dob.Year, dob.Month, 1);
DateTime tmpnow = new DateTime(now.Year, now.Month, 1);

{
months++;
if (months > 12)
{
years++;
months = months - 12;
}
}

if (now.Day >= dob.Day)
days = days + now.Day - dob.Day;
else
{
months--;
if (months < 0)
{
years--;
months = months + 12;
}
}

if (DateTime.IsLeapYear(dob.Year) && dob.Month == 2 && dob.Day == 29 && now >= new DateTime(now.Year, 3, 1))
days++;

}

private string ValidateDate(DateTime dob) //This method will validate the date
{
int Years = 0; int Months = 0; int Days = 0;

GetAge(dob, DateTime.Now, out Years, out Months, out Days);

if (Years < 18)
message =  Years + " is too young. Please try again on your 18th birthday.";
else if (Years >= 65)
message = Years + " is too old. Date of Birth must not be 65 or older.";
else
return null; //Denotes validation passed
}
``````

Method call here and pass out datetime value (MM/dd/yyyy if server set to USA locale). Replace this with anything a messagebox or any container to display:

``````DateTime dob = DateTime.Parse("03/10/1982");

string message = ValidateDate(dob);

lbldatemessage.Visible = !StringIsNullOrWhitespace(message);
lbldatemessage.Text = message ?? ""; //Ternary if message is null then default to empty string
``````

Remember you can format the message any way you like.

• Translate

``````static string CalcAge(DateTime birthDay)
{
DateTime currentDate = DateTime.Now;
int approximateAge = currentDate.Year - birthDay.Year;
int daysToNextBirthDay = (birthDay.Month * 30 + birthDay.Day) -
(currentDate.Month * 30 + currentDate.Day) ;

if (approximateAge == 0 || approximateAge == 1)
{
int month =  Math.Abs(daysToNextBirthDay / 30);
int days = Math.Abs(daysToNextBirthDay % 30);

if (month == 0)
return "Your age is: " + daysToNextBirthDay + " days";

return "Your age is: " + month + " months and " + days + " days"; ;
}

if (daysToNextBirthDay > 0)
return "Your age is: " + --approximateAge + " Years";

return "Your age is: " + approximateAge + " Years"; ;
}
``````

• Marcus Lee
Translate
``````private int GetAge(int _year, int _month, int _day
{
DateTime yourBirthDate= new DateTime(_year, _month, _day);

DateTime todaysDateTime = DateTime.Today;
int noOfYears = todaysDateTime.Year - yourBirthDate.Year;

if (DateTime.Now.Month < yourBirthDate.Month ||
(DateTime.Now.Month == yourBirthDate.Month && DateTime.Now.Day < yourBirthDate.Day))
{
noOfYears--;
}

return  noOfYears;
}
``````

• Translate

The following approach (extract from Time Period Library for .NET class DateDiff) considers the calendar of the culture info:

``````// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
private static int YearDiff( DateTime date1, DateTime date2 )
{
return YearDiff( date1, date2, DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.Calendar );
} // YearDiff

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
private static int YearDiff( DateTime date1, DateTime date2, Calendar calendar )
{
if ( date1.Equals( date2 ) )
{
return 0;
}

int year1 = calendar.GetYear( date1 );
int month1 = calendar.GetMonth( date1 );
int year2 = calendar.GetYear( date2 );
int month2 = calendar.GetMonth( date2 );

// find the the day to compare
int compareDay = date2.Day;
int compareDaysPerMonth = calendar.GetDaysInMonth( year1, month1 );
if ( compareDay > compareDaysPerMonth )
{
compareDay = compareDaysPerMonth;
}

// build the compare date
DateTime compareDate = new DateTime( year1, month2, compareDay,
date2.Hour, date2.Minute, date2.Second, date2.Millisecond );
if ( date2 > date1 )
{
if ( compareDate < date1 )
{
}
}
else
{
if ( compareDate > date1 )
{
}
}
return year2 - calendar.GetYear( compareDate );
} // YearDiff
``````

Usage:

``````// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
public void CalculateAgeSamples()
{
PrintAge( new DateTime( 2000, 02, 29 ), new DateTime( 2009, 02, 28 ) );
// > Birthdate=29.02.2000, Age at 28.02.2009 is 8 years
PrintAge( new DateTime( 2000, 02, 29 ), new DateTime( 2012, 02, 28 ) );
// > Birthdate=29.02.2000, Age at 28.02.2012 is 11 years
} // CalculateAgeSamples

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
public void PrintAge( DateTime birthDate, DateTime moment )
{
Console.WriteLine( "Birthdate={0:d}, Age at {1:d} is {2} years", birthDate, moment, YearDiff( birthDate, moment ) );
} // PrintAge
``````

• Translate

I used ScArcher2's solution for an accurate Year calculation of a persons age but I needed to take it further and calculate their Months and Days along with the Years.

``````    public static Dictionary<string,int> CurrentAgeInYearsMonthsDays(DateTime? ndtBirthDate, DateTime? ndtReferralDate)
{
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Can't determine age if we don't have a dates.
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
if (ndtBirthDate == null) return null;
if (ndtReferralDate == null) return null;

DateTime dtBirthDate = Convert.ToDateTime(ndtBirthDate);
DateTime dtReferralDate = Convert.ToDateTime(ndtReferralDate);

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Create our Variables
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
Dictionary<string, int> dYMD = new Dictionary<string,int>();
int iNowDate, iBirthDate, iYears, iMonths, iDays;
string sDif = "";

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Store off current date/time and DOB into local variables
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
iNowDate = int.Parse(dtReferralDate.ToString("yyyyMMdd"));
iBirthDate = int.Parse(dtBirthDate.ToString("yyyyMMdd"));

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Calculate Years
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
sDif = (iNowDate - iBirthDate).ToString();
iYears = int.Parse(sDif.Substring(0, sDif.Length - 4));

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Store Years in Return Value
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Calculate Months
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
if (dtBirthDate.Month > dtReferralDate.Month)
iMonths = 12 - dtBirthDate.Month + dtReferralDate.Month - 1;
else
iMonths = dtBirthDate.Month - dtReferralDate.Month;

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Store Months in Return Value
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Calculate Remaining Days
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
if (dtBirthDate.Day > dtReferralDate.Day)
//Logic: Figure out the days in month previous to the current month, or the admitted month.
//       Subtract the birthday from the total days which will give us how many days the person has lived since their birthdate day the previous month.
//       then take the referral date and simply add the number of days the person has lived this month.

//If referral date is january, we need to go back to the following year's December to get the days in that month.
if (dtReferralDate.Month == 1)
iDays = DateTime.DaysInMonth(dtReferralDate.Year - 1, 12) - dtBirthDate.Day + dtReferralDate.Day;
else
iDays = DateTime.DaysInMonth(dtReferralDate.Year, dtReferralDate.Month - 1) - dtBirthDate.Day + dtReferralDate.Day;
else
iDays = dtReferralDate.Day - dtBirthDate.Day;

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Store Days in Return Value
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

return dYMD;
}
``````

• Doris Lee
Translate

SQL version:

``````declare @dd smalldatetime = '1980-04-01'
declare @age int = YEAR(GETDATE())-YEAR(@dd)
if (@dd> DATEADD(YYYY, -@age, GETDATE())) set @age = @age -1

print @age
``````

• Translate

This classic question is deserving of a Noda Time solution.

``````static int GetAge(LocalDate dateOfBirth)
{
Instant now = SystemClock.Instance.Now;

// The target time zone is important.
// It should align with the *current physical location* of the person
// you are talking about.  When the whereabouts of that person are unknown,
// then you use the time zone of the person who is *asking* for the age.
// The time zone of birth is irrelevant!

DateTimeZone zone = DateTimeZoneProviders.Tzdb["America/New_York"];

LocalDate today = now.InZone(zone).Date;

Period period = Period.Between(dateOfBirth, today, PeriodUnits.Years);

return (int) period.Years;
}
``````

Usage:

``````LocalDate dateOfBirth = new LocalDate(1976, 8, 27);
int age = GetAge(dateOfBirth);
``````

You might also be interested in the following improvements:

• Passing in the clock as an `IClock`, instead of using `SystemClock.Instance`, would improve testability.

• The target time zone will likely change, so you'd want a `DateTimeZone` parameter as well.

See also my blog post on this subject: Handling Birthdays, and Other Anniversaries