ruby on rails - Ero rspec-, capybara- ja kurkkua

original title: "ruby on rails - Difference between rspec, capybara and cucumber"


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Can anyone tell me the difference between rspec, capybara and cucumber?

group :development, :test do
  gem 'rspec-rails', '~> 2.0'
end

group :test do
  gem 'capybara', '~>2.1.0'
end

In JavaScript, I see Jasmine as my Unit-test framework. What do these three gems do in Ruby environment?



Voiko kukaan kertoa minulle eron rspec, capybara ja kurkun välillä? ryhmä: kehitys,: test do gem 'rspec-rails', '~> 2.0' pääryhmä: test do gem 'capybara', '~> 2.1 ...

Tämä on yhteenveto käännöksen jälkeen. Jos haluat tarkastella koko käännöstä, napsauta käännä-kuvaketta


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    rspec is a full-featured testing framework that will let you write what Rails considers unit tests, functional tests, and integration tests. All of these exercise Ruby code through various layers of your Rails application. All of these tests simulate requests to your Rails application, but don't actually run the application end-to-end over the network.

    cucumber is a browser based integration testing framework, which allows writing automated tests that run against the entire Rails application accessed from within an automated web browser. This allows you to write automated tests about in-browser behavior for JS or CSS. Cucumber provides a unique angle on integration testing that uses plain english specification mapped to code via regular expressions. This allows a more natural "Behavior Driven Development" model - describing what a web application should do, in plain language, from the perspective of the user.

    capybara is a particular web driver powering the cucumber integration testing framework, that uses headless webkit. This allows running a headless (without UI) Chrome/Webkit browser for automated testing. This is very useful both in development, but especially on a remote test/continuous integration server.

    So rspec and cucumber are similar in being testing frameworks with their own way of specifying things. rspec has a nice DSL that's very readable while being actual code. cucumber maps plain text descriptions to real code.

    Though cucumber is usually used on top of capybara, you can also use rspec to drive capybara integration tests. The tests are written in either rspec or cucumber, but capybara is an integration engine underneath.