In a low level language (C, C++ or whatever): I have the choice in between either having a bunch of mutexes (like what pthread gives me or whatever the native system library provides) or a single one for an object.
How efficient is it to lock a mutex? I.e. how many assembler instructions are there likely and how much time do they take (in the case that the mutex is unlocked)?
How much does a mutex cost? Is it a problem to have really a lot of mutexes? Or can I just throw as much mutex variables in my code as I have
int variables and it doesn't really matter?
(I am not sure how much differences there are between different hardware. If there is, I would also like to know about them. But mostly, I am interested about common hardware.)
The point is, by using many mutex which each cover only a part of the object instead of a single mutex for the whole object, I could safe many blocks. And I am wondering how far I should go about this. I.e. should I try to safe any possible block really as far as possible, no matter how much more complicated and how many more mutexes this means?
WebKits blog post (2016) about locking is very related to this question, and explains the differences between a spinlock, adaptive lock, futex, etc.